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Scoping Study on SCP in ASEAN

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
- National Development Plan 2018-2023 -
  • Prevention of Pollution of the Sea Order 2005
  • Hazardous Waste (Control of Export, Import and Transit) Order (2013)
  • First NDC (31/12/2020)
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
- Government:
  • No Plastic Bag Weekend
  • No Plastic Bag Everyday
  • Plastic Bottle Free Initiative
  • Reduce the Use of Styrofoam Initiative
  • Green Brunei (NGO)

La Vida (non-profit organization): La Vida Thrift Shop

BruWILD (NGO): Saving Our Ocean

*All from VNR

Regional ASEAN:
  • ASEAN Climate Finance Strategy Project (with Philippines)
  • Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative with Indonesia and Malaysia (for sustainable management of forests and other sustainable land uses)
  • Bilateral power interconnection project with Malaysia (for RE and energy security)

*All from VNR

Government:
  • Brunei Good Agricultural Practice
  • Good Animal Husbandry Practices
  • Good Aquaculture Practices
  • Control and Prevention of Overfishing
  • Brunei Selection Felling System
  • Brunei Environment Youth Envoys (Brunei EYEs)

BruWILD (NGO):

  • Eco-Pahlawan Program
  • Report & Rescue Project

*All from VNR

 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

Human Resource

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Infrastructures

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
-
  • Rectangular Strategy Phase IV (RS-IV) 2018
  • National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) 2019-2023
Cambodia National Policy on Green Growth 2013-2030
  • Cambodia’s National Environment Strategy and Action Plan 2016–2023
  • Energy Sector Development Plan 2005-2024
  • Sub-Decree on Management of Plastic Bags (2017)
  • Sub-Decree No. 113 on Urban Garbage and Solid Waste Management (2015)
  • Climate Change Strategic Plan 2014-2023
  • NDC (updated 31/12/2020)
  • National Policy, Strategy and Action Plan on Energy Efficiency in Cambodia 2013
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
SWITCH-Asia: Mainstreaming Energy Efficiency through Business Innovation Support (MEET-BIS Cambodia) - SWITCH-Asia: Waste-to-Energy in the Rice Milling Sector GIZ: Proliferation of Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) in Asia

SWITCH-Asia: Sustainable product innovation (SPIN) in Viet Nam, Cambodia, and Laos

 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

SCP Policy Needs and Implementation

Human Resource

Waste Management and Recycling

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Infrastructures

Climate Change & Resiliency

Green Economy

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
National 10 Year Framework Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production (2013-2023)
  • Long-Term National Development Planning of 2005-2025 (Law No. 17/2007)
  • Road Map of SDGs Indonesia 2020-2030
  • Mid-Term Development Plans (2020-2024)
-
  • National Energy Policy 2014
  • National Action Plan on Marine Debris (2017-2025)
  • Solid Waste Management National Policy and Strategy (2017-2025)
  • The Presidential Regulation No. 97/2017
  • Minister for Marine Affairs and Fisheries Decree No.18 Year 2014
  • Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Agriculture 2015–2019
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
Indonesia Government: EnMS and system optimization in energy-wasteful industries (e.g. pulp & paper, steel, textile, food, cement)

*All from VNR

Government (local):
  • Municipal bans on plastic bags
  • Waste Bank

*from EU-ASEAN CE & Plastics Gap-Analysis

NGO: Garbage Bank

*from Scoping Paper on GE and SC

Government:
  • Reforestation and utilization of new and renewable energy in airport environments
  • Solar cell technology construction on shipping navigation aid instrument

CARE and CIS Timo (NGOs): Integrated Risk Reduction Villages

EcoShape (NGO): Building with Nature Indonesia

*from VNR

Regional ASEAN: Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative (with Brunei and Malaysia)

Government: Proper program (company performance rating for environmental management)

*from VNR

WWF-Indonesia:

  • Beli Yang Baik campaign and IKI SCP Project
  • Local for Local campaign
  • Live Greener (with Burgeens)
 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

SCP Policy Needs and Implementation

Human Resource

Waste Management and Recycling

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Building

Sustainable Transportation

Climate Change & Resiliency

Green Economy

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable Public Procurement and Ecolabelling

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
- National Strategic Plan 2017-2021 National Green Growth Strategy 2019
  • Agricultural Development Strategy 2011-2020
  • Renewable Energy Development Strategy Policy 2016
  • Renewable Energy Development Strategy 2011-2025
  • Policy on Sustainable Hydropower 2015
  • National Energy Efficiency Policy 2016
  • Environmental Protection Law (revised 2012)
  • National Strategy on Climate Change 2010
  • First NDC (07/09/2016)
  • National Pollution Control Strategy and Action Plan (2018-2025)
  • Lao Industrial Development Strategy (2016-2030)
  • Natural Resources and Environment Strategy (2016-2025)
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
- - Government:
  • Rural Electrification Program
  • Expansion of Large-scale Hydro-electricity Use

*from INDC, 2015

SWITCH-Asia:

  • ASEAN Energy Manager Accreditation Scheme (AEMAS)
  • Improved Cook Stoves (ICS) Program
  • Promotion and deployment of energy efficient air conditioners in ASEAN
Government: Proper program (company performance rating for environmental management)

*from VNR

WWF-Indonesia:

  • Beli Yang Baik campaign and IKI SCP Project
  • Local for Local campaign
  • Live Greener (with Burgeens)
 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

Waste Management and Recycling

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Infrastructures

Sustainable Transportation

Climate Change & Resiliency

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
National SCP Blueprint 2016-2030
  • Eleventh Malaysia Plan 2016-2020 (11MP)
  • 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (the 2030 Agenda)
Green Technology Master Plan (2017-2030)
  • National Land Public Transport Master Plan (NLPTMP) 2012
  • National RE Policy and Action Plan (2011)
  • National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (2014)
  • Government Green Procurement 2014
  • Malaysia’s Solid Waste Management and Public Cleansing Act (Act 672) 2007
  • First NDC (16/11/2016)
  • National Agrofood Policy 2011–2020
  • National Policy for Biological Diversity 2016–2025
  • National Forestry Policy 1978 (Amendment 1992)
  • The National Ecotourism Plan 2016-2025
  • Roadmap Towards Zero Single-Use Plastics 2018-2030
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
Government: MyCarbon system (to disclose carbon emissions of large enterprises)

*from VNR and SCP Blueprint

Government: No Plastic Bag Day Campaign

*from EU-ASEAN CE & Plastics Gap-Analysis

Government:
  • Mangrove Planting Program
  • Central Forest Spine in Central Peninsular Malaysia

*from VNR

Regional ASEAN:

  • Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative (with Indonesia and Brunei)
  • Bilateral power interconnection project (with Brunei)
Government:
  • Malaysian Good Agricultural Practices (MyGAP) program
  • Malaysia Organic (myOrganic)
  • Malaysia Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO)
  • Economic Transformation Program (ecotourism)

*from VNR and SCP Blueprint

SWITCH-Asia:

  • Clean Batik Initiative
  • Environmental Declaration Scheme for Construction and Building Materials
 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

SCP Policy Needs and Implementation

Waste Management and Recycling

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Biodiversity and Wildlife

Sustainable Building

Sustainable Infrastructures

Sustainable Transportation

Climate Change & Resiliency

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
-
  • Myanmar Sustainable Development Plan 2018-2030
  • National Comprehensive Development Plan (2011-2030)
Green Economy Strategic Framework 2017 (in development stage)
  • National Environmental Policy, Framework and Master Plan (2030) (in development stage)
  • National Transport Master Plan 2014
  • Comprehensive Plan for Dry Zone Greening (2001-2031)
  • National Electrification Master Plan 2016-2030
  • National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policy, Strategy, and Roadmap 2016
  • National Renewable Energy Policy and Planning 2014 (draft)
  • National Waste Management Strategy and Master Plan 2018-2030 (in development stage)
  • National Climate Change Strategy 2018-2030
  • NDC (updated 19/09/2017)
  • 30-Year National Forestry Master Plan (2001-2030)
  • National Urban Policy 2014 (draft)
  • Comprehensive Village Development Plan 2016-2021 (draft)
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
Government: Improvement of Industrial Energy Efficiency (with UNIDO)

*from INDC, 2015

SWITCH-Asia:

  • SMART Myanmar I (catalyzing energy management in food and beverage industries)
  • ASEAN Energy Management Scheme
- United Nations: UN-REDD Program (UN collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries)

European Union: Forest Law Enforcement Governance Trade (FLEGT) program

SWITCH-Asia: SCALE (upscaling improved cook stove dissemination)

SWITCH-Asia:
  • Tha Bar Wa (environmental declaration scheme for construction and building materials)
  • SMART Myanmar I (catalyzing sustainable water management in food and beverage industries)
  • SMART Myanmar II (SMEs for environmental accountability, responsibility, and transparency)
  • WWF’s Green Economy Programme in Myanmar 2018-2021
 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

SCP Policy Needs and Implementation

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Infrastructures

Climate Change & Resiliency

Green Economy

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
  • Philippine Action Plan for Sustainable Consumption and Production 2019 (formulation phase)
  • Philippine SCP Policy Framework (draft)
Philippine Development Plan (2017-2022) Green Jobs Act of 2016 (RA 10711)
  • Ecological Waste Management Act 2001
  • Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act (Republic Act 6969)
  • National Plan of Action on Marine Litter (final draft)
  • National Climate Change Action Plan (2011 – 2028)
  • NDC, initial communication (2015)
  • Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act of 2019 (RA 11285)
  • Energy Efficiency Roadmap for the Philippines 2017-2020
  • Single-Use Plastics Regulation and Management Act (proposed in 2018)
  • Green Building Code of 2016
  • National Ecolabelling Green Choice Philippines 2008
  • Green Public Procurement Policy 2013 – 2016
  • Renewable Energy Act of 2008
  • Biofuel Acts of 2006 (RA9367)
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
SWITCH-Asia: Green Philippines Islands of Sustainability (GPIoS) SWITCH-Asia: Green Philippines Islands of Sustainability (GPIoS) Government: National Integrated Climate Change Database and Information Exchange System

*from VNR

Regional ASEAN: ASEAN Climate Finance Strategy Project (with Brunei)

Government: Various projects related to RA 6969 and obligations to the Basel, Rotterdam, and Stockholm Conventions

SWITCH-Asia: Small and Medium Enterprises for environmental Accountability, Responsibility, and Transparency (SMART Cebu)

GIZ: Promotion of Green Economic Development (ProGED) (also funded by SWITCH-Asia)

 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

Waste Management and Recycling

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Biodiversity and Wildlife

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Infrastructures

Climate Change & Resiliency

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable Public Procurement and Ecolabelling

Corporate Sustainability Reporting

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
- A Lively and Livable Singapore: Strategies for Sustainable Growth 2008
  • Resource Sustainability Act 2019
  • Singapore Sustainable Blueprint (2009)
  • GreenGov.SG 2021
  • Environmental Services Industry Transformation Map 2017
  • Mandatory Energy Labelling Scheme 2008 (MELS)
  • Energy Conservation Act 2013
  • Environmental Protection and Management Act 1999
  • Hazardous Waste (Control of Export, Import and Transit) Act 1997
  • Singapore Packaging Agreement 2007
  • Prevention of Pollution of the Sea Act 1990
  • Climate Action Plan 2015
  • NDC (updated 31/03/2020)
  • Water Efficiency Management Plan 2015 (WEMP)
  • Water Efficiency Labelling Scheme 2009 (WELS)
  • Singapore Food Security Roadmap 2012
  • Minimum Energy Performance Standards
  • Zero Waste Masterplan 2019
  • Carbon Pricing Act 2019
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
Government: Super Low Energy Buildings Program

*from NDC, 2018

Government*:
  • Public Sector Taking the Lead in Environmental Sustainability (PSTLES) initiative
  • Recycling corners in schools
  • Community 3R Outreach Program (CROP)
  • “Love Your Food @ Schools” Project (for food waste)

*All from VNR, 2018

Say YES to Waste Less 2020

Government*:
  • Jurong Lake Gardens (biodiversity conservation)
  • Car-Free Sunday SG

*from Sustainable Singapore Blueprint

Super Low Energy Buildings Program

*from NDC, 2018

Government*:
  • Mandatory Energy Labelling Scheme (MELS)
  • Water Efficiency Labelling Scheme (WELS)
  • Public Sector Taking the Lead in Environmental Sustainability (PSTLES) initiative
  • Water Efficient Buildings (Basic) certification program

*All from VNR, 2018

Singapore Green Labelling Scheme (SGLS) 1999 (enhanced 2017)

 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

Human Resource

Waste Management and Recycling

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Building

Sustainable Transportation

Climate Change & Resiliency

Green Economy

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable Public Procurement and Ecolabelling

Corporate Sustainability Reporting

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
  • Sustainable Consumption and Production Roadmap 2017-2037
  • Thailand SCP Networks
National Strategy 2018 - 2037 Bio-Circular Green Economy Action Plan 2021-2026
  • National Energy Policy 2008
  • Thailand Integrated Energy Blueprint 2014
  • Power Development Plan 2010-2030
  • Alternative Energy Development Plan 2012-2021
  • Roadmap on Waste and Hazardous Waste Management 2014
  • National Solid Waste Management Master Plan (2016-2021)
  • National Roadmap for Development of Bioplastic Industry 2013-2018
  • Plastic Debris Management Plan 2017-2021
  • 20-Year Energy Efficiency Development Plan (2011-2030)
  • Action Plan “Thailand Zero Waste” (2016 – 2017)
  • NDC (updated 26/10/2020)
  • Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act B.E. 2535 AD 1992
  • Green Building Code 2009
  • Green Procurement Plan 2017-2022
  • Thai Green Label
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
Government: Energy Efficiency Program (energy efficiency labelling) Government*:
  • Reduce Thailand Plastic Marine Debris by 50% by 2027 (public-private partnership for sustainable plastic and waste management)
  • Recycling Program
SWITCH-Asia: “Zero Carbon Resorts 2.0” (with Switch Asia for sustainable development of tourism sector)

WWF: Establish Low Carbon Consumption and Production in Thailand: WWF-SCP

SWITCH-Asia: Mainstream Green Integration of Thailand: Transformation from Policy to Implementation (to support green products and services)

Government:

  • Energy Efficiency Program (energy efficiency labelling)
  • Thai SCP Network
 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

SCP Policy Needs and Implementation

Human Resource

Waste Management and Recycling

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Building

Sustainable Infrastructures

Sustainable Transportation

Climate Change & Resiliency

Green Economy

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable Public Procurement and Ecolabelling

Corporate Sustainability Reporting

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

Summary of policies on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Dedicated SCP Policy Part of a broader national strategy Other sustainability themes Sectoral policies
Vietnam’s National Action Plan (NAP) on Sustainable Production and Consumption until 2020 and Vision to 2030 National Strategy for Sustainable Development in 2011- 2020
  • National Strategy on Green Growth in 2012-2020 and Vision to 2050
  • Strategy on Cleaner Industrial Production until 2020
  • NDC (updated 11/09/2020)
  • Law on Environmental Protection Tax in 2010
  • Law on Environmental Protection 2014
  • National Target Program for Energy Efficiency and Conservation (2015)
*This list of sectoral policies are not in any way comprehensive per country, but serves to illustrate the variety and commonality of policies enacted in the region
 
Summary of recent programs and projects on SCP and related themes in ASEAN
Energy Waste Climate Change Other programs/projects
SWITCH-Asia:
  • Sustainable Pangasius (SUPA) (for cleaner production and EE)
  • MEET-BIS Viet Nam (EE through business innovation support)
  • Cleaner Production Strategy (for EE)
Government (local): Plastic Bag Exchange Program

*from from

EU-ASEAN CE & Plastics Gap-Analysis

- Government: Viet Nam Sustainability Index (VNSI) (evaluates sustainability performance of companies)

*from VNR

SWITCH-Asia:

  • CSR Viet Nam (sustainable production linked with global supply chains)
  • GetGreen Viet Nam (to create consumption behavior change)
  • Sustainable product innovation (SPIN) in Viet Nam, Cambodia, and Laos

WWF: Sustainable Rattan

 

Common Themes in SCP Implementation in AMS

SCP Policy Needs and Implementation

Waste Management and Recycling

Food waste and Food Lossesg

Energy Supply and Efficiency

Consumption of Natural Resources

Sustainable Land-use and Development

Sustainable Transportation

Climate Change & Resiliency

Green Economy

Sustainable Industry and SME

Sustainable Tourism

Sustainable Public Procurement and Ecolabelling

Sustainable Lifestyles and Education

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SCP Context

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Cambodia

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Indonesia

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Lao PDR

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Malaysia

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Myanmar

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Philippines

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Thailand

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Viet Nam

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