Following severe land and forest fires in 1997-1998, ASEAN Member States (AMS) signed the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP) on 10 June 2002 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to prevent, monitor, and mitigate land and forest fires to control transboundary haze pollution through concerted national efforts, regional and international cooperation. The Agreement entered into force in 2003 and has been ratified by all ASEAN Member States. The Agreement contains measures on:
- Monitoring and assessment
- National and joint emergency response
- Procedures for deployment of people, materials, and equipment across borders
- Technical cooperation & scientific research
The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution was established in 2003, consisting of the ASEAN Ministers responsible for the environment. The Committee (COM) under the Conference of the Parties to the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution was established to assist COP in the implementation of the Agreement. The COM meets prior to the COP meetings. COP and COM meet back-to-back at least once a year.
The 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP-12) to the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP) held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 11 August 2016 adopted the Roadmap on ASEAN Cooperation towards Transboundary Haze Pollution Control with Means of Implementation (hereinafter Roadmap).
The Roadmap will serve as a strategic, action-oriented and time-bound framework for the implementation of the collaborative actions to control transboundary haze pollution in the ASEAN region to achieve a vision of Transboundary Haze-free ASEAN by 2020.
The following are key strategic components that translate the principles of the AATHP into concrete and collective actions under the Roadmap:
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