The ASEAN Heritage Parks

A Journey to the Natural Wonders of Southeast Asia

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Fourth ASEAN State of the Environment Report 2009

ASEAN Secretariat. October 2009. ISBN 978-602-8411-27-1

The Report takes a holistic approach in presenting the socio-economic conditions, the status and trends in the various environmental sectors, and what ASEAN is doing to promote environmental sustainability while placing priority on socio-economic development. In line with the theme of “Green ASEAN”, the Report has focused on greening the ASEAN economy, highlighting how a sustainable and resilient economic base could be built from the rich natural resources of the region which at the same time ensuring social development and environmental sustainability.

[Full report of SoER4]

[Executive summary of SoER4]

ASEAN Environmental Education Action Plan (AEEAP) 2008-2012
ASEAN Secretariat. January 2008. ISBN: 978-979-3496-58-0The AEEAP 2008-2012 contributes to the ASEAN Vision 2020 which aims for a clean and green ASEAN. The AEEAP 2008-2012 provides a framework for enhancing public awareness on environmental management for sustainable development, and to accelerate the development and advancement of environmental education as a key integrating component for achieving sustainable development in the region.

The AEEAP 2008-2012 was published with the support of Hanns Seidel Foundation and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP

ASEAN Strategic Plan of Action on Water Resource Management

ASEAN Secretariat. October 2005. ISBN: 0-643-09263-3

The ASEAN Strategic Plan of Action on Water Resources Management details guiding principles for integrated water resource management, a set of strategies to deal with major issues and proposes some future work to improve knowledge and governance as well as capacity in the region.

The ASEAN Strategic Plan of Action on Water Resources Management was published with the support from AusAID – ASEAN Australia Development Cooperation Programme – Regional Partnership Scheme (AADCP-RPS).

State of Water Resources Management in ASEAN

ASEAN Secretariat. 2005. ISBN: 0-643-09264-1


This Report provides information on the current state of knowledge regarding water resources data and information; data gaps and needs, and major issues that arise in terms of water resources management in Member Countries and across ASEAN.

The ASEAN Strategic Plan of Action on Water Resources Management was published with the support from AusAID – ASEAN Australia Development Cooperation Programme – Regional Partnership Scheme (AADCP-RPS).

ASEAN Report to the World Summit on Sustainable Development

ASEAN Secretariat. 2002. ISBN: 979-8080-91.2

This Report was published for the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg , South Africa . The Report showcased ASEAN’s achievements on sustainable development and emphasised the use of regional governance mechanisms, and regional goals and plans as a vehicle to implement these efforts at the national and regional levels.

The major recommendations of the ASEAN report to the WSSD were: encourage sustainable economic growth; reform of the international financial structure; adherence to mutually supportive trade and environment policies; reduce/eliminate poverty; access to better health services; sustainable management of natural resources and environmental protection; call for global support for MEAs; streamline sustainable development governance framework at the international level; provision of adequate and predictable financing to ensure the effective implementation of sustainable development initiatives; facilitate access to technology and build the capacity of developing countries to absorb and adapt scientific knowledge and technological skills; and support for initiatives on partnerships.


The ASEAN Environmental Education Action Plan

ASEAN Secretariat. 2001. ISBN: 979-8080-81-5


The ASEAN Environmental Education Action Plan aims to empower people through formal and non-formal education, so that they can acquire the necessary values and skills that will enable them to participate effectively in the development of an ecologically sustainable community.


The Plan serves not only as a collaborative framework for ASEAN cooperation, but also as a reference guide for other regional and international organisations to work together in environmental education.


The Plan recommends appropriates strategies and actions to enhance environmental knowledge and awareness in the region and outlines priority activities that can be undertaken at the regional and national levels.


Third ASEAN State of the Environment Report 2006

ASEAN Secretariat. 2006. ISBN: 979-3496-39-8

This Report (SoER3) represents the third in the series of state of environment reporting of ASEAN.

The SoER 3 describes the environmental conditions in the region and developments in related sectors by providing and analysing relevant economic, social and environmental data and indicators; presents developments in key emerging issues, particularly global environmental issues and developments in socio-economic sectors, in recognition of the dynamics of environmental issues that transcend national borders; and highlights ASEAN’s initiatives in environmental management and sustainable development, its achievements and constraints, goals for the future, and opportunities for collaboration.

The SoER3 was published with the full participation of, and inputs from all ASEAN member countries, with financial support from UNEP and the Hanns Seidel Foundation and under the overall supervision and coordination of the ASEAN Secretariat.

[Full report of the Third SoER]

Second ASEAN State of the Environment Report 2000

ASEAN Secretariat. 2001. ISBN: 979-8080-83-1

This Report (SoER2) represents the second in the series of state of environment reporting of ASEAN.

The SoER2 presents the status and condition of the environment and natural resources in ASEAN. The report highlights developments since the publication of SoER 1 in 1997, and therefore essentially covers the period of 1998 – 2000.

The SoER 2 coverage expanded to ten member countries as three new members – Myanmar , Lao PDR and Cambodia – joined ASEAN between 1997 and 1999.

The SoER2 was published with the support of UNEP, with inputs from member coutries and under the overall supervision and coordination of the ASEAN Secretariat.


First ASEAN State of the Environment Report 1997

ASEAN Secretariat. 1997. ISBN:

This Report (SoER1) is the first in the series of state of the environment reporting of ASEAN.


The SoER1 takes stock of environmental conditions and their impact and interrelationship with other sectoral areas in ASEAN. The SoER1 also offers a glimpse of the prospects and challenges facing the region and highlight what ASEAN has done to protect the environment and promote sustainable development.


The SoER 1 was the result of collaborative efforts among ASEAN Member Countries especially their national environmental agencies, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and individual experts, under the supervision and coordination of the ASEAN Secretariat.


The SoER 1 covered the seven countries which were then member countries of ASEAN, i.e. Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam.


ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution

ASEAN Secretariat. 2006


The Agreement was signed by the ASEAN Environment Ministers during the 9th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Haze (AMMH) on 10 July 2002, in Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia . To date, eight ASEAN Member Countries has ratified the Agreement, namely, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Viet Nam.


The Agreement provide guidance on m onitoring and assessment; prevention; preparedness; national emergency response; joint emergency response through provision of assistance; procedures for deployment of people, materials and equipment across border in the event of transboundary haze pollution and technical cooperation and scientific research.


The Agreement also necessitate a country to provide quick response, such as information, forest fire mitigation resources or consultation to the requesting party during critical land and forest fire incidents; facilitate the establishment of ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Transboundary Haze Pollution (ACC) ; p rovide a framework for the member countries to strengthen and refine its national policy in land and forest fire mitigation; and provide a framework to develop the national standard operating procedures.


The ASEAN Peatland Management Initiative (APMI)

ASEAN Secretariat. 2005. ISBN: 979-3496-15-0


The ASEAN Peatland Management Initiative (APMI) was adopted by ASEAN in 2003 to promote sustainable management of peatlands in the ASEAN region through collective actions and enhanced cooperation as well as to reduce risk of fire and associated regional haze and contribute to global environmental management.


The APMI provides the mechanism and framework for cooperation, contains objectives and principles, and includes a broad range of activities related to capacity building, fire prevention, national-level activities, regional cooperation and initial work plan for 2003-2005.


The ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy (APMS)

ASEAN Secretariat. 2005


The ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy (APMS) was developed under the framework of the APMI. The APMS covering the period 2006-2020 aims to guide Member Countries in taking actions to sustainably manage peatlands and reduce fires and associated haze within the framework of the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. The APMS was endorsed by the Environment Ministers in November, 2006.


The objectives of the APMS are to enhance awareness and capacity on peatlands, address transboundary haze pollution and environmental degradation, promote sustainable management of peatlands, and to promote regional cooperation


Guidelines for the Implementation of the ASEAN Policy on Zero Burning

ASEAN Secretariat. 2003. ISBN: 979-8080-98-X


ASEAN has adopted the zero-burning policy in 199. This publication provides guidelines on zero burning techniques, among others, based on commercial scale experience of plantation companies in Malaysia and Indonesia .


Apart from the zero burning techniques, the Guidelines also highlight the benefits, prerequisites as well as constraints in implementing zero burning practices.



Guidelines for the Implementation of Controlled Burning Practices

ASEAN Secretariat. 2004. ISBN: 979-3496-07-X


ASEAN recognises the difficulties of smallholders, farmers and shifting cultivators in implementing zero burning practices. These Guidelines provide recommendations for these parties on the implementation of controlled burning and other related practices, to promote sustainable forest management and environment-friendly land management and agricultural practices.


The Guidelines were developed from case studies and surveys on current best practices in Indonesia , especially in Sumatra and Kalimantan . Apart from the controlled burning practices, the Guidelines also highlight the benefits, prerequisites as well as challenges in implementing the controlled burning practices.

Fire, Smoke and Haze – The ASEAN Response Strategy

ASEAN Secretariat, 2001. ISBN: 971-561-338-1


The ASEAN-ADB joint publication entitled Fire, Smoke and Haze. The ASEAN Response Strategy brings together the current knowledge about land and forest fires, examines the causes and impacts with particular reference to Southeast Asia , and suggests what could happen in the future. It assesses ASEAN’s response to the haze phenomenon and suggests national, regional and global action to deal with the challenge. The book is intended as a reference source and general guide for fire and haze management in the ASEAN region, with primary targets of policymakers and professionals at the regional level as well as in other donor countries and agencies. The book should also be of great interests to the media and the general public at large.


Saving the ASEAN Dream

ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity. 2005. DVD


The DVD provides a glimpse of the richness and diversity of ASEAN’s landscapes, people, flora and fauna. It also highlights the value and usefulness of biodiversity. The DVD also provides an overview of ASEAN’s cooperation on nature conservation and biodiversity and environment, as well as highlights the ASEAN Heritage Parks (AHP) Programme which was inaugurated at the Conference on AHP held at Khao Yai National Park , Thailand on 24-29 September 2004.


The DVD also promote public awareness on the importance pf conservation of biological diversity, focusing on sharks, marine turtles, coral reefs, rainforest, the environment, Mount Kinabalu National Park, Gunung Mulu National Park, Khao Yai National Park and extinction of important species, in the form of 10 one-minute vignettes.


ASEAN’s Greatest Parks – The ASEAN Heritage Parks Programme
MacKinnon, J. R. & G. B. Villamor. 2004. ISBN 971-8986-60-X
This publication showcases the ASEAN Heritage Parks Programme and ASEAN’s greatest natural parks.


The publication describes 36 ASEAN and World Heritage Parks of the 10 ASEAN member countries. It portrays the amazing richness of the various life forms that are immeasurably valuable and useful to humans.


ASEAN’s 100 Most Precious Plants
Lapis, A. B., M.E. David, C. G. Reyes & B.S. Audije. 2004. ISBN 971-8986-55-3.
This book is ARCBC’s contribution to the 2003 ASEAN Environment Year Celebration. It is an emblematic initiative in taking stock of the 100 plant species that are indigenous to Southeast Asia and deeply rooted in the region’s diverse customs, cuisine, crafts, commerce and cures.
The ASEAN’s 100 Most Precious Plants is organised into 12 categories of plant uses: edible, fibres and barks, fruits, grain, horticulture, medicine, poisons, resins and saps, scientific wonder, spices, timber and useful flowers and leaves. While most of the plants in the book have multiple uses, they are singularly categorised under the most salient use. The uses of various plant parts described in the book illustrate the depth and the extent of their importance to the lives of the ASEAN peoples.
Some plants are presented at species level and others, at genus level. Each species or genus is described based on its most notable and distinct features.


Marine Protected Areas in Southeast Asia
Cheung, C. P. S., P. M. Alino, A. J. Uychiaoco & H. O. Arceo. 2002. ISBN 971-8986-46-4.
The Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) of nine member countries of ASEAN were reviewed. These countries are Brunei , Cambodia , Indonesia , Malaysia , Myanmar , the Philippines , Singapore , Thailand and Viet Nam . The publication notes that although the ASEAN region hosts some of the most extensive coastlines and diverse coral reefs in the world, its natural resources remain the most highly threatened. Several issues pertaining to MPAs of each country were thus assessed and their management concerns evaluated to analyze the increasing threats such as coastal development, collecting of endangered species, ornamental trading, overexploitation, pollution and tourism that lead to the depletion of the biological resources of the region’s MPAs.
Among the priority actions suggested in the publication are the following: 1) improve and effectively implement legislative reforms to enhance MPA effectiveness; 2) incorporate MPA planning and management into an Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) framework; 3) enhance sustaining mechanisms to enable managers and institutions to continue adapting efficient management; 4) fill in gaps in the establishment and understanding of representatively adequate MPAs in the various biogeographic zones (e.g. W. Sumatra, E. Philippines and Myanmar); and 5) improve and establish joint research and cooperative management areas (e.g. the Turtle Islands and the Spratlys). A priority action agenda and a regional strategic framework have also been proposed.
This publication is intended as a valued reference for policy makers, planners, fishermen and other stakeholders, as well as students, scientists and park managers. The publication would be a useful guide in the continuing efforts to plan for the management of the MPAs in order to save, rehabilitate and safeguard the coastal and marine resources in the region.